Water - Fluid

SRINAGAR — People, especially those who are diabetic, need to limit the intake of salty, sugary and spicy food during Sehri (pre-dawn) meals in Ramadan to maintain fluid balance in the body, a noted endocrinologist said.

Speaking with the news agency KNO, Dr Shariq Masoodi said that people, particularly those with diabetes, should control their consumption of sugar, salt and spices in their meals. “The sodium present in foods aids in maintaining fluid balance, but excessive intake of salty, sugary, and spicy foods can lead to increased thirst as water is withdrawn from the cells,” he said.

Dr Masoodi advised people to drink water regularly throughout Sehri but cautioned against consuming large quantities at once, as it may be quickly eliminated through urine. He suggested alternatives such as lemon water, buttermilk (lassi), coconut water, and unsweetened fruit juice while recommending avoidance of caffeinated beverages due to their dehydrating effects.

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For Sehri, Dr Shariq recommended starting with water followed by a balanced diet consisting of green leafy vegetables for fibre, whole grain cereals with a low glycemic index to avoid sudden spikes in blood sugar levels, a small portion of pulses, fish, chicken, yoghurt, and fruits with skin like grapes, oranges, and apples.

During Iftari, he advised diabetic people to consume sugar-free fluids and limit themselves to one to three dates based on their disease control. Foods high in carbohydrates, salt, and fat should be avoided.

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“The diabetic patients need to monitor blood sugar levels and check their levels several times a day, including before dawn, in the morning, midday, mid-afternoon, before sunset, two hours after Iftar, and anytime symptoms of hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, or feeling unwell arise,” he said.

The endocrinologist emphasised the necessity of proper sleep, recommending 7-8 hours of sleep even if it’s divided into two portions.

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