J&K most illiterate among northern states: Census | Higher literacy rate in Urban areas; Rural population declining

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By: Muddasir Ali
Srinagar: Jammu and Kashmir is least literate among northern states including the newly carved out Uttarakhand, reveals the latest census report.
Though the state’s literate population has been pegged at more than 68 percent of the total 1.25 crore persons – with a decadal growth of 13 percent – it is far behind other northern states like Himachal Pradesh (83.78 percent), Punjab (76.68 percent) Haryana (76.64 percent), Delhi (86.34 percent) and newly created Uttarakhand (79.63 percent). Jammu and Kashmir’s literate population was recorded at 55.50 percent in 2001 census.
The latest figures were released by Director Census, Farooq Ahmad, flanked by Joint Director, CS Saproo, at a press conference here.
As per 2011 census, JK has over 72.45 lakh (78.26 percent) literate persons including 43.70 lakh males and 28.74 lakh females. More literate population (48.98 lakh) is living in rural JK compared to 23.47 lakh in urban areas of the state. The ratio of rural to urban literacy rate is 64. 97% : 78.19%.
The winter capital tops in the literacy rate at 83.98% followed by Samba at 81.08%, while Ramban and Bandipora districts have the lowest literacy rate in the State.
Rural/Urban Population Ratio:
According to the census data, more people in JK are leaving farms and villages to settle in towns and cities. Around 30 percent of over 1.25 crore state population has been recorded to be living in urban JK, the report says.
The share of urban population in the state has gone up to 27.21 percent and the people living in rural areas constitute 72.79 percent of total populace, said Factoo.
He said the urban population has shown steady growth of more than 6 percent in past three decades as figures in 1981 stood at 21.05 percent.
Saproo said the gap between the urban and the rural population is narrowing and the two may cut across each other in coming few decades.
“We are witnessing different trends of urbanization. It is a concern,” said Saproo.
Total Population & General Sex Ratio:
The total population of the state has been calculated at 1,25,48,926 of which 91, 34,820 people live in rural areas and 34,14,106 souls in urban parts of state.
Of over 66.65 lakh males enumerated, 48.09 lakh live in rural parts of JK and 18.55 lakh belong to cities and towns.
Of over 58.83 lakh female population, more than 43.25 lakh have been enumerated from rural areas and 15.58 lakh from urban areas.
While the general sex ratio is 833, rural areas have recorded better figures of 899 females per 1000 males, and urban sex ratio is 840.
Child Population & Sex Ratio (0-6 Age Group):
Out of the total population, over 20.08 lakh are the children in the age group of 0-6 and they include above 10.80 lakh males and more than 9.27 lakh females.
The rural child population (age group 0-6) consists of 8.58 lakh males and 7.37 lakh females while urban child population has been recorded at 2.22 lakh males and 1.90 lakh females.
Of the overall child sex ratio of 859, rural areas have recorded better figures (860) compared to towns and cities (854).
Districts With Highest & Lowest Population:
Jammu has recorded highest population (15, 26, 406) followed by Srinagar (12, 50,173) and Islamabad (10, 69,749). The districts with lowest recorded population are Ladakh (147104), Kargil (143388) and Kishtwar (231037).
Of total state population, the share of Kashmir division including Ladakh, as already reported is 71,98,115 souls including 69,07,623 souls from 10 districts of Kashmir Valley and 2,90,492 souls from two districts of Ladakh. The population of 10-districts of Jammu division is 53, 50,811 souls.
JK has 22 districts, 82 sub-districts, 122 towns and 6551 villages.

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